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Always look out for flaws in arguments – and that includes your own.Photograph: Alamy As the government begins its crackdown on essay mill websites, it’s easy to see just how much pressure students are under to get top grades for their coursework these days.
But writing a high-scoring paper doesn’t need to be complicated Need to purchase a education research proposal Standard Writing from scratch one day CBE.But writing a high-scoring paper doesn’t need to be complicated.
We spoke to experts to get some simple techniques that will raise your writing game.Tim Squirrell is a PhD student at the University of Edinburgh, and is teaching for the first time this year The Path to Quality Teaching in Higher Education OECD org.Tim Squirrell is a PhD student at the University of Edinburgh, and is teaching for the first time this year.When he was asked to deliver sessions on the art of essay-writing, he decided to publish a comprehensive (and brilliant) blog on the topic, offering wisdom gleaned from turning out two or three essays a week for his own undergraduate degree The Path to Quality Teaching in Higher Education OECD org.When he was asked to deliver sessions on the art of essay-writing, he decided to publish a comprehensive (and brilliant) blog on the topic, offering wisdom gleaned from turning out two or three essays a week for his own undergraduate degree.“It took me until my second or third year at Cambridge to work it out.No one tells you how to put together an argument and push yourself from a 60 to a 70, but once you to get grips with how you’re meant to construct them, it’s simple.” 'I felt guilty when I got my results': your stories of buying essays | Guardian readers and Sarah Marsh Read more Poke holes The goal of writing any essay is to show that you can think critically about the material at hand (whatever it may be).This means going beyond regurgitating what you’ve read; if you’re just repeating other people’s arguments, you’re never going to trouble the upper end of the marking scale.
“You need to be using your higher cognitive abilities,” says Bryan Greetham, author of the bestselling How to Write Better Essays.
“You’re not just showing understanding and recall, but analysing and synthesising ideas from different sources, then critically evaluating them.” But what does critical evaluation actually look like? According to Squirrell, it’s simple: you need to “poke holes” in the texts you’re exploring and work out the ways in which “the authors aren’t perfect”.“That can be an intimidating idea,” he says.“You’re reading something that someone has probably spent their career studying, so how can you, as an undergraduate, critique it? “The answer is that you’re not going to discover some gaping flaw in Foucault’s History of Sexuality Volume 3, but you are going to be able to say: ‘There are issues with these certain accounts, here is how you might resolve those’.
That’s the difference between a 60-something essay and a 70-something essay.” Critique your own arguments Once you’ve cast a critical eye over the texts, you should turn it back on your own arguments.This may feel like going against the grain of what you’ve learned about writing academic essays, but it’s the key to drawing out developed points.“We’re taught at an early age to present both sides of the argument,” Squirrell continues.“Then you get to university and you’re told to present one side of the argument and sustain it throughout the piece.
But that’s not quite it: you need to figure out what the strongest objections to your own argument would be.Write them and try to respond to them, so you become aware of flaws in your reasoning.Every argument has its limits and if you can try and explore those, the markers will often reward that.” Applying to university? It's time to narrow your choices down to two Read more Fine, use Wikipedia then The use of Wikipedia for research is a controversial topic among academics, with many advising their students to stay away from the site altogether.“I genuinely disagree,” says Squirrell.
“Those on the other side say that you can’t know who has written it, what they had in mind, what their biases are.But if you’re just trying to get a handle on a subject, or you want to find a scattering of secondary sources, it can be quite useful.I would only recommend it as either a primer or a last resort, but it does have its place.” Focus your reading Reading lists can be a hindrance as well as a help.They should be your first port of call for guidance, but they aren’t to-do lists.
A book may be listed, but that doesn’t mean you need to absorb the whole thing.Squirrell advises reading the introduction and conclusion and a relevant chapter but no more.“Otherwise you won’t actually get anything out of it because you’re trying to plough your way through a 300-page monograph,” he says.You also need to store the information you’re gathering in a helpful, systematic way.Bryan Greetham recommends a digital update of his old-school “project box” approach.
“I have a box to catch all of those small things – a figure, a quotation, something interesting someone says – I’ll write them down and put them in the box so I don’t lose them.Then when I come to write, I have all of my material.” There are a plenty of online offerings to help with this, such as the project management app Scrivener and referencing tool Zotero, and, for the procrastinators, there are productivity programmes like Self Control, which allow users to block certain websites from their computers for a set period.Essays for sale: the booming online industry in writing academic work to order Read more Look beyond the reading list “This is comparatively easy to do,” says Squirrell.“Look at the citations used in the text, put them in Google Scholar, read the abstracts and decide whether they’re worth reading.
Then you can look on Google Scholar at other papers that have cited the work you’re writing about – some of those will be useful.” And finally, the introduction The old trick of dealing with your introduction last is common knowledge, but it seems few have really mastered the art of writing an effective opener.“Introductions are the easiest things in the world to get right and nobody does it properly,” Squirrel says.“It should be ‘Here is the argument I am going to make, I am going to substantiate this with three or four strands of argumentation, drawing upon these theorists, who say these things, and I will conclude with some thoughts on this area and how it might clarify our understanding of this phenomenon.
’ You should be able to encapsulate it in 100 words or so.” Keep up with the latest on Guardian Students: follow us on Twitter at @GdnStudents – and become a member to receive exclusive benefits and our weekly newsletter.Topics The Research Proposal What is a research proposal? A research proposal is intended to convince others that you have a worthwhile research project and that you have the competence and the work-plan to complete it.Generally, a research proposal should contain all the key elements involved in the research process and include sufficient information for the readers to evaluate the proposed study.
Regardless of your research area and the methodology you choose, all research proposals must address the following questions: What do you plan to accomplish?, why is the research important? and how you are going to do it?The proposal should have sufficient information to convince your readers that you have an important research idea, that you have a good grasp of the relevant literature and the major issues, and that your methodology is sound.The quality of your research proposal depends not only on the quality of your proposed project, but also on the quality of your proposal writing.A good research project may run the risk of rejection simply because the proposal is poorly written.Therefore, it is essential that your writing is coherent, clear and compelling.
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This overview focuses on proposal writing rather than on the development of research ideas.
The Proposal - your research proposal should not be more than 2000 words (maximum) in length (excluding references).Title - the title should be concise and descriptive OECD-IMHE project on the quality of teaching in higher education. The impact of research, of the “scholarship of teaching” and of learning students, teachers or evaluation agencies do not share the definition of what “good” teaching or secondary schools in Texas, found that the relation between teachers' salary and .Title - the title should be concise and descriptive.
For example, the phrase, "An investigation of .Often titles are stated in terms of a functional relationship, because such titles clearly indicate the independent and dependent variables Generally, a research proposal should contain all the key elements involved in the Citing irrelevant or trivial references; Depending too much on secondary sources A PhD normally takes 3 years (full time) and 5 years (part time) to get a PhD: A Handbook for Students and their Supervisors, (Open University Press, .Often titles are stated in terms of a functional relationship, because such titles clearly indicate the independent and dependent variables.However, if possible, think of an informative but catchy title Generally, a research proposal should contain all the key elements involved in the Citing irrelevant or trivial references; Depending too much on secondary sources A PhD normally takes 3 years (full time) and 5 years (part time) to get a PhD: A Handbook for Students and their Supervisors, (Open University Press, .However, if possible, think of an informative but catchy title.An effective title not only pricks the reader's interest, but also predisposes him/her favourably towards the proposal help me with a custom cultural science case study Academic A4 (British/European) double spaced.An effective title not only pricks the reader's interest, but also predisposes him/her favourably towards the proposal.Abstract - it is a brief summary of approximately 300 words.
It should include the research question, the rationale for the study, the hypothesis (if any), the method.Descriptions of the method may include the design, procedures, the sample or a range of partcipants and any instruments that will be used.Other key components are: The Literature Review - A review of literature relevant to the research problem (theoretical or conceptual framework) Research Questions - Key Research questions arising from the literature review Research Methods - A description of the proposed research methodology (qualitative, quantitative etc.) Aims and Objectives Aims are broad statements of desired outcomes or the general intentions of the research, which 'paint the picture' of your research proposal – they: emphasize what is to be accomplished, not how it is to be accomplished address the long-term project outcomes, i.they should reflect the aspirations and expectations of the research topic Objectives are the steps you are going to take to answer your research questions or a specific list of tasks needed to accomplish the goals of the project - they: emphasize how aims are to be accomplished must be highly focused and feasible address the more immediate project outcomes make accurate use of concepts and be sensible and precisely described are usually numbered so that each objective reads as an 'individual' statement to convey your intention The Introduction The main purpose of the introduction is to provide the necessary background or context for your research problem.How to frame the research problem is perhaps the biggest problem in proposal writing.If the research problem is framed in the context of a general, rambling literature review, then the research question may appear trivial and uninteresting.However, if the same question is placed in the context of a very focused and current research area, its significance will become evident.Unfortunately, there are no hard and fast rules on how to frame your research question just as there is no prescription on how to write an interesting and informative opening paragraph.
A lot depends on your creativity, your ability to think clearly and the depth of your understanding of problem areas.However, try to place your research question in the context of either a current "hot" area, or an older area that remains viable.Secondly, you need to provide a brief but appropriate historical backdrop.Thirdly, provide the contemporary context in which your proposed research question occupies the central stage.Finally, identify "key writers" and refer to the most relevant and representative publications.
In short, try to paint your research question in broad brushes and at the same time bring out its significance.The introduction typically begins with a general statement of the problem area, with a focus on a specific research problem, to be followed by the rationale or justification for the proposed study.The introduction generally covers the following elements: State the research problem, which is often referred to as the purpose of the study.Provide the context and set the stage for your research question in such a way as to show its necessity and importance.Present the rationale of your proposed study and clearly indicate why it is worth doing.
Briefly describe the major issues and sub-problems to be addressed by your research.Identify the key independent and dependent variables of your experiment.Alternatively, specify the phenomenon you want to study.State your hypothesis or theory, if any.For exploratory or phenomenological research, you may not have any hypotheses.
(Please do not confuse the hypothesis with the statistical null hypothesis.) Set the delimitation or boundaries of your proposed research in order to provide a clear focus.Define key concepts where appropriate Literature Review Sometimes the literature review is incorporated into the introduction section.However, most reviewers will prefer a separate section, which allows a more thorough review of the literature.The literature review serves several important functions: Ensures that you are not "reinventing the wheel".
Gives credits to those who have laid the groundwork for your research.Demonstrates your knowledge of the research problem.Demonstrates your understanding of the theoretical and research issues related to your research question.Shows your ability to critically evaluate relevant literature information.Indicates your ability to integrate and synthesize the existing literature.
Provides new theoretical insights or develops a new model as the conceptual framework for your research.Convinces your reader that your proposed research will make a significant and substantial contribution to the literature (i., resolving an important theoretical issue or filling a major gap in the literature).Most students' literature reviews suffer from the following problems: Lacking organization and structure Being repetitive and verbose Failing to keep up with recent developments Failing to critically evaluate cited papers Citing irrelevant or trivial references Depending too much on secondary sources Your scholarship and research competence will be questioned if any of the above applies to your proposal.
There are different ways to organize your literature review.Make use of subheadings to bring order and coherence to your review.It is also helpful to keep in mind that you are telling a story to an audience.Try to tell it in a stimulating and engaging manner.
Do not bore them, because it may lead to rejection of your worthy proposal.
Examples - the research topic is "the History of Mental Illness in Natal in the period up to 1945": A Successful Literature Review "This study will draw on diverse approaches to the history of psychiatry, and to the origins of segregation in southern Africa.
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Histories of psychiatry and psychology have shown that, although having a probable partial biochemical basis, the criteria for the definition of mental illness have differed across time and place.(Brin, 2000) The history of science and medicine in both Europe and in the colonial order provide a means for exploring the role of biomedicine (including psychiatry) in contributing to racial, class, and sexual discrimination (Brown,2008).Feminist analyses of the centrality of gender, and critiques of psychiatry and psychology, will be a key axis around which this study is formed Need to purchase a college education research proposal American A4 (British/European) College Senior Proofreading.Feminist analyses of the centrality of gender, and critiques of psychiatry and psychology, will be a key axis around which this study is formed.
For example, while men of all races formed the majority of inmates at the Natal Government Asylum in nineteenth century Natal, women were deemed to be particularly prone to particular forms of mental illness (Knowles, 2001; Keogh, 2004) Post-structuralist and post-modernist approaches to the construction and representation of identities, and to the articulation of power, will provide a means of deconstructing the 'texts' and discourses which are an important part of this study.
In particular, the works of Michel Foucault (1967) on mental illness, asylums, and the archaeology of knowledge will be considered .In particular, the works of Michel Foucault (1967) on mental illness, asylums, and the archaeology of knowledge will be considered.I recognise, however, that the application of Foucault's ideas in the African context is problematic (Miller, 1993; Friedman,2003) Post- colonialism's concern with the 'subaltern' and the suppression of 'subaltern voices' will be reflected in attempts to 'hear the voices' of the institutionalized (Miller,1993) .I recognise, however, that the application of Foucault's ideas in the African context is problematic (Miller, 1993; Friedman,2003) Post- colonialism's concern with the 'subaltern' and the suppression of 'subaltern voices' will be reflected in attempts to 'hear the voices' of the institutionalized (Miller,1993)." An Unsuccessful Literature Review "Foucault's works looked at mental illness, asylums, and the archaeology of knowledge best website to write a custom social sciences research paper single spaced Standard 24 hours." An Unsuccessful Literature Review "Foucault's works looked at mental illness, asylums, and the archaeology of knowledge.Roy Porter’s and Edward Shorter's histories of psychiatry and psychology show that definitions of mental illness have differed across time and place best website to write a custom social sciences research paper single spaced Standard 24 hours.Roy Porter’s and Edward Shorter's histories of psychiatry and psychology show that definitions of mental illness have differed across time and place.Ernst and Swartz record that under colonialism, science and medicine contributed to racial, class, and sexual discrimination.
Feminist writers Chesler and Showalter who have written on psychiatry will be important for this study.Post-structuralist and post-modernist approaches to the construction and representation of identities will be used.Post-colonialism's concern with the 'subaltern' and the suppression of 'subaltern voices' will be significant." Research Questions Your research question s is a critical part of your research proposal - it defines the proposal, it guides your arguments and inquiry, and it provokes the interests of the reviewer.If your question does not work well, no matter how strong the rest of the proposal, the proposal is unlikely to be successful.
Because of this, it is common to spend more time on the researching, conceptualizing and forming of each individual word of the research question than on any other part of the proposal.To write a strong research question you will need time.Step away from your computer; consider what drew you to your topic.Questions that clearly demonstrate their relevance to society, a social group, or scholarly literature and debates are likely to be given more weight by reviewers: Research questions need to be clearly “doable.” One of the most common rationales for rejecting proposals is that the question is simply too expansive (or expensive) to be carried out by the applicant.
Remember that writing a research question is an iterative process and such concerns need to be carefully considered in your research design and budget.Research Methods The methods section is very important because it tells our Research Committee how you plan to tackle your research problem.It will provide your work plan and describe the activities necessary for the completion of your project.The guiding principle for writing the Method section is that it should contain sufficient information for the reader to determine whether the methodology is sound.Some even argue that a good proposal should contain sufficient details for another qualified researcher to implement the study.
You need to demonstrate your knowledge of alternative methods and make the case that your approach is the most appropriate and most valid way to address your research question.Please clearly identify the approach to be taken and justify the decision taken.Students should demonstrate an understanding of qualitative and quantitative research methods and clearly indicate how and where these are best employed.Common Mistakes Here are some of the common mistakes you should look out for when writing a research proposal: Failure to provide the proper context to frame the research question.Failure to delimit the boundary conditions for your research.
Failure to accurately present the theoretical and empirical contributions by other researchers.Failure to stay focused on the research question.Failure to develop a coherent and persuasive argument for the proposed research.Too much detail on minor issues, but not enough detail on major issues.
Too much rambling — going "all over the map" without a clear sense of direction.(The best proposals move forward with ease and grace like a seamless river.) Too many citation lapses and incorrect references.Too long or too short- You MUST keep to the word limit.Time Schedule and Review Time schedule - Provide a detailed guide as to how you will complete the work within the time specified.A PhD normally takes 3 years (full time) and 5 years (part time) Review - Once complete, review your proposal and application and think about the following questions: Have I checked the School website and is the proposal in an area that staff in the school can supervise? Is it written clearly and concisely and is there evidence of critical evaluation? Does the proposal demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the main theoretical and research debates in the field? Does the proposal focus on a research area that is significant and relevant to the field? - will it make a valuable contribution to knowledge? Is there a clear rationale for the study? Are the research objectives and research questions arising from the literature clearly set out? Does the proposal indicate an appreciation of the research process? Does the proposal demonstrate an understanding of research methods and research approaches and is it clear that the research methods identified are appropriate to the research question identified? Can the proposed programme of research be studied to the depth required to obtain the degree of PhD? Can the proposed programme of research be completed within the time to be designated for it? Have I contacted my referees to confirm that they are willing to provide a reference? More Information In order to assist you in devising a research proposal you might wish to refer to the following research methods texts: Baxter, L, Hughes, C.(2001): How to Research, (Open University Press, Milton Keynes) Cryer, P.(2000): The Research Student's Guide to Success, (Open University, Milton Keynes) Delamont, S.
(1997): Supervising the PhD, (Open University Press, Milton Keynes) Kamler, B and Thompson, P (2006) Helping Doctoral Students to Write (Oxon Routledge) Philips, E.(2005): How to get a PhD: A Handbook for Students and their Supervisors, (Open University Press, Milton Keynes) Bentley Peter (2006) The PhD Application Handbook (Open University Press, Milton Keynes) Ask a Question Mine's brilliant in all ways, so I am lucky! #2 Submitted by Don on July 11, 2013 - 7:19pm These "truths" are very helpful - thank you Dr.
Brabazon! Have only just begun a professional doctorate but am planning and thinking ahead regarding my dissertation.#3 Submitted by touet on July 11, 2013 - 10:03pm A bit of a counsel of perfection but useful insights.I don't think 'complete commitment' to a PhD student is feasible or even desirable.Most supervisors have other things to do, teaching, admin., their own research and that makes them a better supervisor #4 Submitted by surajitdb on July 12, 2013 - 12:40am Great insight #5 Submitted by funnythat on July 12, 2013 - 10:24am Truth number 1 would suggest that you should never be the first PhD student of a researcher.
This would mean that no-one can ever start supervising PhDs.Truth 2 only applies if the studentship is not a project for which the supervisor has generated the funds (this is only true on the minority of cases).Truth 3 and 4 are almost mutually exclusive.Administrative decisions are taken by multiple layers in the University.
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If you want to be protected against administrative delays, you need a supervisor with enough "muscle" in the University.
These will be the stars, which are mostly absent.What you need is a star supervisor, who has a good and permanent lab head who has all the technical knowledge and is usually present in the lab How to write better essays nobody does introductions properly nbsp.What you need is a star supervisor, who has a good and permanent lab head who has all the technical knowledge and is usually present in the lab.
Truth 5 suggests that all PhD students can write up their own work for publication and get it published in a good journal without the supervisor's input.Some exceptional PhD students may be able to do that, but they are few and far between 19 Aug 2009 - College isn't like high school. What grades you get will depend on what you yourself do. 2. For the brave, also enter in the hours you plan to study each week for each course. But if there are 35 class meetings, each class has about 3 percent of the content. Tags: colleges, students, education .Some exceptional PhD students may be able to do that, but they are few and far between.So I would suggest to take these "truths" with a pinch of salt 19 Aug 2009 - College isn't like high school. What grades you get will depend on what you yourself do. 2. For the brave, also enter in the hours you plan to study each week for each course. But if there are 35 class meetings, each class has about 3 percent of the content. Tags: colleges, students, education .
So I would suggest to take these "truths" with a pinch of salt.
#6 Submitted by Je-267249 on May 31, 2016 - 10:47pm I agree! #7 Submitted by Ben Saunders on July 12, 2013 - 11:31am Many of these strike me as either banal or incorrect, at least in my field/experience."Ensure that the department and university you are considering assign supervisors on the basis of intellectual ability rather than available workload.Supervising students to completion is incredibly difficult.The final few months require complete commitment from both supervisor and postgraduate.) So you shouldn't accept a supervisor determined on basis of workload, because supervision is so demanding.How is an overworked supervisor going to be able to dedicate so much time to helping you then? #8 Submitted by cgk on July 14, 2013 - 4:27pm "But it is teaching that will get them their first post (and probably their second and third)." This is a half-truth at best from my experience of University recruitment (from both sides of the table - management sciences) - teaching is a hygiene factor, once you have some it becomes irrelevant.So yes pick up some but you that generally only puts you on par with candidates, income generation/paper outputs will put you over the top - so if it is a choice between a little more teaching and turning out a paper, turn out the paper.#9 Submitted by zytec on July 14, 2013 - 5:04pm Ah the market pressure of shopping for a Ph D and all because the lady wants to be an educated wage slave.
#10 Submitted by csadangi on July 14, 2013 - 9:47pm Thanks a lot for the valuable suggestions.I started my PhD about one month ago but i have decided to change groups now.I know 1 month is too early to decide if i want to stay with this group but seeing the circumstances i decided to change.I had arguments over non-sense things with the PI and then he threatened me to destroy my career (by saying he won't write a good recommendation at the end) and he said leave if you want to leave.Then i said to him last week i am stressed out due to family problems and need 2 days off and he answered me keep stress at home, you just come here to work so work.
And there were many more issues which led to the decision of quiting and moving over to some other place.#11 Submitted by harrowagenda21 on July 17, 2013 - 4:15am It is particularly helpful if supervisors maintain information about present students and past ones.They way you can see if they publish and get jobs.Also, the sheer numbers that a supervisor has are important.In our university 7 is the max allowed and I am always at that, because at a top Australian university and in an area that is in demand.
More than that number and I could not do the job effectively.Students are not often aware that we do other things with our time, too.Weekly supervisor meetings may be a good idea if you have 1-2-3 students.Otherwise I am afraid they have to be less frequent.Co-supervisors are absolutely mandatory in many Australian universities.
Generally I have found them helpful, and have been one.They temper the ego or the cussedness of some main supervisors.What is annoying is Advisory Panels, which are on top of the 1-2 supervisors and who turn out for key moments like confirmation of candidature.They are too big and can produce conflicting advice when you have 4 -5 people in the room.#12 Submitted by MichaelWhitworth on July 18, 2013 - 4:50pm While there's some good advice here there are also contradictions, as noted by Funny That.
The presentation from the point of view of the prospective PhD student shopping around fails to acknowledge institutional constraints (most obviously, there being a limit to the number of individuals one person can supervise).Moreover, much of this advice feels like it's specific to certain kinds of institution and/or certain subjects.#13 Submitted by alvin on July 20, 2013 - 5:30am There are also few scientific search engines which they use for their PhD research work and they dont even tell.essay writing services #14 Submitted by micronaut on July 26, 2013 - 10:39am I finished a PhD at a large UK institution about a year ago.
It was a shocking experience that has left me with nothing but poor health and a worthless qualification.
I was part of a well funded post graduate studentship program in an emergent field, with all the potential of being a "next big thing".I took on a project in a lab where I knew the supervisor was not an easy person to work with, but the lab was well funded and equipped.I thought that as long as I had the raw materials I could just live with whatever the personality was like.My supervisor enforced the project be completed to his design, but provided no support or training towards achieving this.
There was no publication strategy or, from what I know now, any pre-reading of any kind before I started.None of the projects submitted to the program where ever assessed by anybody on the program, who it turned out had disengaged from any commitments once the funding was approved.The project was a vehicle for the supervisor to tap into the research fund that came with the program and get a free student for their lab.My colleagues began to experience the same situation and we were cash cows ripe for plundering, working on pointless projects.There was on update to the funding bodies, no reports, and no accountability for anybody involved.
Over 3 years I was psychologically and emotionally abused.Experimental problems resulted in demoralizing meetings with blame attributed to technical incompetence, threats of failure, and bullying to just work more hours until it worked.Progress meetings with internal examiners were used to belittle and berate me.
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I raised issues with student services and was told that there was little they could do within the framework of academia.Other supervisors would also not intervene as it is bad form to advise on another supervisor's student.
An inappropriate working environment resulted in my rupturing two inter-vertebral discs 7 Mar 2017 - But writing a high-scoring paper doesn't need to be complicated. from turning out two or three essays a week for his own undergraduate degree. “Then you get to university and you're told to present one side of the argument The use of Wikipedia for research is a controversial topic among academics .An inappropriate working environment resulted in my rupturing two inter-vertebral discs.
I was offered no support and told that time off showed a lack of commitment to my work, and any lost hours would result in failure.Subsequently I worked for 6 months relying on Tramadol to function.In the final year my supervisor left the lab for a promotion in another university Best websites to get an research proposal education high quality A4 (British/European) American single spaced 95 pages / 26125 words.In the final year my supervisor left the lab for a promotion in another university.I was told to move or leave and the program would not intervene with any alternative project or facilities to continue the project.
I was forced to stop work and pack up the lab, organizing the logistics of the move as well as the construction of the new lab which was not fit for purpose upon arrival.I was intimidated into working on this under the false promise of an extension, spending 6 months working on equipment purchasing, installation, lab infrastructure designs, and cleaning.The extension was denied and my appeals to the university resulted in clandestine phone calls and back room chats where I was told to simply shut up and get on with it or my PhD would be burned.The extension application would invoke an enquiry by the funding body, exposing the problems with the program and it would be easier to blame it on a bad student.My supervisor abandoned me in the final year and told me to expect to fail.
I worked the remainder of my time living in the lab, without sleep during the week, eating pro-plus and whatever was in the vending machines, away from home with no financial, pastoral, or technical support.I became depressed and exhausted, but I managed to cobble together a thesis and submitted on time.I organized my own examiners and the viva was the most constructive and supportive experience of my PhD, resulting in a pass with minor corrections.Some of this I attribute to my work, the rest to back room dealings to ensure no further problems.Due to the nature of the experience I gained no publications from my work.
I am now left in a position where my chances at a career of any kind in science were over before the training ended.Many of my friends from the program are in a similar position, but are scared to come forward and raise a complaint for fear of retribution should they ever be able to interview for a post doctoral research position.Some of the students had good supervisors and have done well from the program, however these were a minority, and for those that had a bad experience, it was very bad indeed.While I must simply pick up the pieces and move on, I am saddened that the awareness of the culture of PhD training is largely unknown outside of academia.It is an antiquated medieval system that is too insular and protects those in positions of responsibility.
Provided that supervisors are bringing regular funding into their institution they are often able to behave however they like, with total impunity.Employment laws and even human rights can be violated and the university with seldom intervene if they can avoid it.These programs are also enjoying large sums of tax payer funding which in my case was entirely wasted.Provided with the most minimal of organization and management these projects could have been very successful and impacting, however they didn't have to be because payment was up-front, and consequently they were not.I hope that in future this "industry" can be cleaned up through proper regulation by the funding bodies.
But until then I fear the medieval guild system will persist, and students will suffer in silence.#15 Submitted by ket DCN-Corp-UK on July 27, 2013 - 6:07pm Interesting commentary.However, from those in the know, is it not believed that the "10 truths" describe what has been known for years / decades? In fact my former Ph.D supervisor has taken to highlight the article in his Twitter feed.I found such a highlight extremely ironic, because I felt it described him to a 'tune'.
Unfortunately, neither the article nor the comments subsequently - explain what happens to non-registered Ph.D students upon discovery of commercially insightful data / information.D (along with some highly derogatory comments) - a few years down the line I am still being heavily harassed, threatened, etc.
by my so called 'friends' at an UK university.
Frankly it is damn right disgusting, that personnel whom describe themselves as 'looking-out' for the wider public via tax payers monies - are involving themselves in such activities.Finally, as stated by the last comment - until Ph.D program's, studentships, supervisors, etc.are heavily regulated (as similar to the financial services sector), then such unfortunate practices will continue on.#16 Submitted by tollyho on July 29, 2013 - 3:25am Here's another truth: The 3-year PhD is based on an outdated model, from times when there was no lightning fast access to research or information.One could spend 8 hours in a day looking for one or two articles, but not have energy after that to read them.It takes 30 seconds to find most relevant articles, leaving many 8-hour workdays unencumbered by wild goose chases.There's really no excuse for a PhD to take so long.
Unless a person works in a field requiring experimentation and lab work, the PhD project should take no longer than 6-10 months, start to finish -- that's if a candidate comes in with a solid background knowledge (preferably a taught MA -- yes, a TAUGHT MA, since a BA doesn't really even scratch the surface of any subject).I know people will hate me for saying this, or find me stupid, but I've yet to meet a successful doctoral candidate who took longer than 6-10 months of full-time work to do a PhD, whether they did it in one fell swoop or broke those hours up over the course of a 3- or 4-year candidacy.We could drastically shorten the length of candidacies if we would only recognize new realities of access to information and research.#17 Submitted by ahash8 on September 3, 2016 - 9:57pm I'm sorry but it's simply impossible to do a single PhD project in any area of Science in under a year (2 years if you need to collect data and analyze it, 1 year if it's mostly analysis and modelling and you really kill yourself).I mean, you could do it but it would be worthless.
And for a PhD thesis in North America you're expected to have 2-3.So if you really work hard full-time (and if you're very lucky) it ought to take you at least 4-5 years.In North America where students are involved in projects from conception to analysis (and often experimentation) PhDs often take 6-7 YEARS, not months (this is in my field, with Master's level knowledge).
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I think it could be shorter if the supervisors put more work into coming up with well-formulated ideas, but it takes at least 1 year of research to design a semi-decent project.You're better off not wasting your time.I'd even have strong reservations about hiring a postdoc that only has 3 years of experience, to me that's barely scratching the surface Best website to buy a college research proposal education CSE Premium 47 pages / 12925 words single spaced.I'd even have strong reservations about hiring a postdoc that only has 3 years of experience, to me that's barely scratching the surface.
Maybe in the humanities but definitely not in any hard science field.#18 Submitted by Buttey on August 1, 2013 - 11:35pm This article just emphasises to me the divergence between Arts and Humanities PhDs an those in STEM subjects Who can do a custom research proposal education for me 102 pages / 28050 words Platinum AMA US Letter Size.#18 Submitted by Buttey on August 1, 2013 - 11:35pm This article just emphasises to me the divergence between Arts and Humanities PhDs an those in STEM subjects.Some elements of the criticism of co-supervisors are valid, but really, if you plan to do original research in science it will often be across subject areas.
You will need expert input from supervisors in different areas to make your project even feasible, let alone succesful how to write an interdisciplinary studies dissertation single spaced 20 days Harvard.You will need expert input from supervisors in different areas to make your project even feasible, let alone succesful.I'm involved on projects that involve physics, molecular biology and geochemistryhow to write an interdisciplinary studies dissertation single spaced 20 days Harvard.I'm involved on projects that involve physics, molecular biology and geochemistry .None of us could supervise the whole shooting match individually.Science students beware of paying too much attention to articles like this one which has a very limited viewpoint.I welcome the idea that weekly meetings are the ideal, and in my ln own institution I don't know any colleagues who don't maintain this method.
As for the idea of 6 month PhDs as proposed by another responder .A failure to understand the depth of thought, investigation and scholarly activity involved in a real phd project.It certainly ignores any idea of practical development of skills during a phd .#19 Submitted by TheProf on August 14, 2013 - 5:24am As with all "10 things", these ones are at best half truths and tend to draw on hyperbole and anecdote to attract interest (eg her assertion in several secrets that it is an “us and them game” between students and supervisors/institutions.
And the use of “I once” did this or “I know of a disturbing case” etc).But what the good Professor doesn’t tell you is that a PhD requires four years of hard work.Perhaps this is something potential PhD students would rather not hear.#20 Submitted by Paul Gill on August 15, 2013 - 2:20pm Micronaut, your experience sounds like an unacceptable nightmare.were there no opportunities for you to complain formally? for example, postgrad tutor, head of research etc? in terms of publications, can you not start to publish now? Most of my publications came post PhD, not during it (I simply didnt have the time).
Most students put up with bad supervision because they think complaining will amount to career suicide.However, such students often drop out, fail or end up traumatised by the whole experience, which IMO is far worse.as for the comment about completing a PhD in 6-10 months - get real.A PhD in one of the health disciplines that involves recruiting NHS patients usually takes at least 6 months just to navigate NHS ethic and R&D approval.finding evidence is also only part of the PhD.
I could probably count on one hand the number of FT PhD completions I've seen in 3 years.I'd imagine Marty McFly would struggle to complete in 6 months.#21 Submitted by askhan111 on August 18, 2013 - 5:08pm I think these truths are more suitable for guidance of supervisors.As far as the phd students are concerned they have to compromise on many issues, specially for choosing the supervisor mainly due to competition and very limited opportunities of phd funding.
#22 Submitted by capepoint on August 20, 2013 - 2:59am Thanks for the advice on the authorship.
Any suggestions on the source code? If the supervisor is a co-author, should a PhD student hands over all the codes he or she coded alone? #23 Submitted by Gary on August 27, 2013 - 10:22am Some of these need to be taken with a pinch of salt, particularly the idea that only having one supervisor is some kind of ideal but the general themes are pretty true.I would really enforce the idea that your supervisor needs to be a decent human being.Whilst an expert in your field is great a PhD student should be capable of doing a lot of work by themselves, after all you should be aiming to know a lot more than your supervisor by the end of your work.What you will need is mentoring and administrative help, where is this? What form do I fill in? Who do I need to speak to about XYZ? A supervisor who is on top of these little issues is invaluable in the long run.I know students with supervisors who are actually mean, rude and even spiteful.
I have no idea how they cope, I would gladly have a supervisor from an entirely different subject field who was supportive than one who was very knowledgeable but hostile.#24 Submitted by KMThorpe on September 13, 2013 - 10:03am Just as some institutions now have teaching fellows who teach but do not research, there may be a role for supervisory fellows to be a title.These people will naturally research because without that contact many of the gains noted here will be lost, but it would distinguish them from the star researchers who are very poor at supervising.I have seen some institutions quietly discourage an academic from taking on any more PhD students because it is known that they lack the skills to really help the student.As not everyone can teach successfully, not every academic can supervise well.
We need to recognise this and have some good researching academics who are not permitted to supervise, rather than allowing all of them to do it.I have seen a number of training courses which help PhD students get 'the most' out of their supervisors and I certainly encourage students to expect and demand good quality supervision and to complain if it is not forthcoming.I have known at least two cases of people changing supervisor and it was the best outcome for them; the original supervisors got over it without a problem, but it could have meant failure for the student.I had a wonderful single supervisor, but the age of the apprenticeship model is over.It is better for there to be a supervisory team, not simply to cover absences of the prime supervisor.
Taking a PhD these days is about so much more than just research skills and the subject matter.The second and in some cases the third supervisor, can be invaluable focusing on the other skills such as writing articles, getting to conferences, getting the skills for a job; indeed as another article in THE this week shows, also thinking about options outside academia.You need to have everyone in the supervisory team working for you in a range of ways.If they cannot do that, then they should be off the list of supervisors.#25 Submitted by Gsinc on October 3, 2013 - 7:25pm I find these views rather pompous, and I feel that many of them are open to question.
I also feel it is quite inappropriate to use language such as 'They are selfish, career-obsessed bastards'.I am very glad that my supervisor did not use language like this - it is not clever.
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#26 Submitted by vedvyasdwivedi on October 7, 2013 - 10:34am supervisors must have super-vision not narrow or flying vision!!!! #27 Submitted by Dawnbazely on October 12, 2013 - 3:44pm Thank you, Tara: I will share this with my current doctoral student.You make many excellent points that every student needs to think about them seriously, regardless of whether they are in STEM or social sciences, liberal arts and humanities.
In the last 7 years, as director of a pan-university, inter-disciplinary research inst 10 truths a PhD supervisor will never tell you. There are some important Once registered you can read a total of 3 articles each month, plus: Sign up for the .In the last 7 years, as director of a pan-university, inter-disciplinary research inst.
I have had the chance to interact with grad students from diverse disciplines (every now and then, retreating to my lab, to breathe), and at the end of the day, it's all about 2 individuals interacting, and each supervision experience is unique.#28 Submitted by Joankethly on November 19, 2013 - 9:41am Indeed, a great act of informing common issues among supervisors Use or topic samples to create a top-notch proposal essay. What can students do to make their schools a safer place? Can we pick the length of our education at university? Is there any useless knowledge we get at school? Business. These topics are not just for those who study management, HR, and economics..#28 Submitted by Joankethly on November 19, 2013 - 9:41am Indeed, a great act of informing common issues among supervisors.This would surely attract the attention of our next generation and present employees Use or topic samples to create a top-notch proposal essay. What can students do to make their schools a safer place? Can we pick the length of our education at university? Is there any useless knowledge we get at school? Business. These topics are not just for those who study management, HR, and economics..This would surely attract the attention of our next generation and present employees.Thumbs up :) url= /buy-instagram-photo-likes/ where to buy followers on instagram /url #29 Submitted by yunvag on November 19, 2013 - 11:01am Hi, Prof.
I must say I experienced almost everything you did, with my PhD.I had to suffer through supervisors in different camps, a topic change, 2 supervisor changes, the dormant and last minute waiting supervisors, failing to read and the works including the failed attempt to ruin me.Finally, with the decency of the last principal, I managedto complete.
It was not just a journey, it was a battle.Maybe, at the end supervisors should also be given a progress mark with some impact on their careers when it is negative.#30 Submitted by StevenG on December 23, 2013 - 11:40am Hello! I'm still thinking about my career, but for now have this question.I have just began PhD studies and I don’t want to spend the rest of my life writing the thesis.Can you recommend a book that says how to write a PhD effectively? I mean, in a productive way that would not decrease the quality.
Thanks a lot! Stev #31 Submitted by er2 on January 20, 2014 - 8:26am Personal experience rather than evidence-based research - and from an experienced supervisor? How can these be 'truths'? While some points are useful (but not new), I question the wisdom of other 'advice'.#32 Submitted by JonHead on November 5, 2014 - 1:48pm I very strongly disagree with number 9, 'Weekly supervisory meetings are the best pattern".This will certainly not be the case for many people, and it certainly wouldn't be for me.I do not lack time-management skills, and neither would I rather be partying (seriously, who on earth does a PhD if they would rather be partying or on facebook to the extent that they constantly need their supervisor checking up on them?!).Given all this, I have settled on meeting once a month with my supervisor for the last two years, and we have found that is what suits us.
Desperately trying to write something every week just for the sake of it sounds exhausting (after all, some weeks are needed to perhaps work on other things, or just catch up on the literature), and could certainly be detrimental to some people.#33 Submitted by Apis on November 25, 2014 - 3:03pm I think these 10 ideas are worthy of debate.They would make an excellent discussion point for current supervisors.Personally, I think they range from the sensible to the banal, and even irritating.
I am sorry that the writer has had such bad experiences.
Of course, teaching on a 'professional doctorate' as I do I find we couldn't manage without co-supervisors - and many's the time that the complementary skills of two supervisors have helped a student out of trouble in my experience.The suggestion of a weekly supervision session might work for full-time doctoral students but I suspect that full-time doctoral students are in the minority.#34 Submitted by LisaB15 on August 25, 2015 - 5:09am The dependency of PhD students on their supervisors is like apprenticeship in the middle ages - being subject to the arbitrary whims of a certain individual.This video is a humorous take on it.
#35 Submitted by LisaB15 on August 25, 2015 - 5:12am This is the correct link: /view/ #02 (see previous comment) #36 Submitted by vainaelisabeth 240631 on October 25, 2015 - 7:11pm I would like to embark on a Ph.in the Uk, where I am moving in a few weeks.I have been working on a proposal for a month now, but I have read so many emails from Ph.students being ignored by prospective supervisors, that I feel stifled and frustrated.I have already sent one e-mail, just to show my interest in commencing with a Ph.(not sending a Proposal or a CV, and haven't received any response yet.What do you think is the best way to approach a prospective Ph.
supervisor? Face-to-face or by e-mail? Should I be brief or elaborate on my proposed study? Furthermore I wanted to ask the following: If I find a Ph.with no funding attached to it, can I still expect that in the case of fruitful discussion with a potential supervisor he/she could guide towards the process of funding? Thank you in advance #37 Submitted by mmusingafi 252484 on December 18, 2015 - 1:07pm insightful observations especially for postgraduate students, however subject to debate #38 Submitted by 254587 on January 2, 2016 - 8:25am What can one say when a man is pointing a gun at you at a range of 10 feet? One thing i now know, is that, the so called Professors have already made name and hence, do not care that much for others (most of them).I finished from the University of Gent in Belgium with a Master's degree.
After the approval from my supervisor to come and defend my thesis,i defended in 9 minutes of the 15 minutes allocated and praise was poured out in the hall, but guess what? One of the examiners refused giving me even a pass mark, saying the text i have to edit and this that blah blah blah.The consequences is that i lost another 1yr 3mths before i could finish and get a masters why didn't they indict my my supervisor? Meaning my Prof never even take a critical look at my work.Asides, he is their colleague and would never make a fool of him before me, making me a scape goat.My advice is; the ultimate goal in life is, the end that matters and, if you chose to carve a niche for yourself whether in the academia or otherwise, shut up and try and navigate your way towards getting your PhD and fuck those shylocks.Sadly, most Profs forgot they were once below the ladder, but do they really care? Sorry they don't!!! Your thesis, PhD certificate is your own, your life and your future.
Whether straight or crook, your approach towards getting it without probs depends on you.Love your write up and keep it up! #39 Submitted by Anonymouse on January 5, 2016 - 12:47pm For me, the PhD was a strange experience.In some respects, the PhD itself was far too easy.In my opinion, over the three years, I got very limited feedback on my research or writing (that's when I managed to get feedback) and my work wasn't subject to any real challenges or criticisms.
In truth, I don't believe my thesis was read in any detail before submission.These reasons were the source of stress for me and I felt the viva would be very tough (I know I was convinced I was going to fail and debated whether or not to actually attend the viva).The viva was a horrible experience and very, very challenging but I could not fault the examiners as they did a superb job (in my opinion, they provided much more feedback on my work than my supervisors did over the course of three years).In brief, the supervisor who sat in on the viva must have got unnerved because, from what I can gather, this supervisor asked for the corrections from the internal and although the supervisor passed a copy of the corrections to me, it was the supervisor who, in my opinion, started doing them, passing some of the corrected corrections to me and would happily have done the lot - had I not eventually asserted myself and taken control of the situation.
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It's not good being placed in a situation where you have to challenge a superior and I feel I was placed in a no-win situation.On a positive note, although I've suffered and am still uptight about it all, I don't feel this supervisor will attempt to do this again.#40 Submitted by Ed Rybicki on January 18, 2016 - 12:05pm OK, this article needs to come with a content warning: "Most of this content does not apply or is irrelevant for laboratory-based science PhDs" 4 Jan 2004 - III. Research Strategy. A. What do I need to find out through When I wrote my research paper in high school on this topic, I found some as well as professionals and business people who had an interest How did it get started and why? a college level understanding of theories, studies and research..#40 Submitted by Ed Rybicki on January 18, 2016 - 12:05pm OK, this article needs to come with a content warning: "Most of this content does not apply or is irrelevant for laboratory-based science PhDs".
Seriously - take this bit for example: "Some supervisors claim co-authorship of every publication written during the candidature.Do not think that this is right, assumed, proper or the default setting" Really? When I as supervisor may have (a) had the research idea and posed the questions; (b) come up with the money to support the student and the work; (c) supervised the project work closely and aided in the interpretation? Sorry - this may work in social sciences or humanities, but not in wet/hard science! #41 Submitted by lambie on September 5, 2016 - 6:10pm It is true, I am in a laboratory-based engineering science within higher education marketing, enrollment, branding, and recruitment. A close 2014 Hanover Research | Academy Administration Practice. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND KEY Universities must now go to greater lengths to differentiate themselves from year enrollment plan that they believed was of high quality..
Do not think that this is right, assumed, proper or the default setting" Really? When I as supervisor may have (a) had the research idea and posed the questions; (b) come up with the money to support the student and the work; (c) supervised the project work closely and aided in the interpretation? Sorry - this may work in social sciences or humanities, but not in wet/hard science! #41 Submitted by lambie on September 5, 2016 - 6:10pm It is true, I am in a laboratory-based engineering science.
My supervisors' are always included as co-authors within higher education marketing, enrollment, branding, and recruitment. A close 2014 Hanover Research | Academy Administration Practice. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND KEY Universities must now go to greater lengths to differentiate themselves from year enrollment plan that they believed was of high quality..My supervisors' are always included as co-authors.#42 Submitted by charlesoppenheim on May 2, 2016 - 7:43pm It's a long time since I've read such a pompous yet flawed essay.#43 Submitted by chi8319 297687 on May 3, 2016 - 4:12pm The 10 truths are quite helpful in that it is an insight to some of the things to expect during your program.However, i am currently a doctoral student and have been under a supervisor who is so nasty to her students.My case is very similar to that of the poster (csadangi) where the supervisor doesn't care about your health but expects a doctoral student to be in school daily from 8 am - 4 pm either busy or not without any financial support.
I have being under supervision for 2 years researching on things that most of the masters and doctoral students have being doing for years.I spoke to her about creating my own research niche but she refused and threatened to write a bad recommendation letter for my postdoc in future.well, i have decided to get a new supervisor and complete my doctoral program in with a specialist in my field of study.This system should be looked into because most of these supervisors use the students as money making machine like my former supervisor will always say to the PG students.
#44 Submitted by vvasil on June 4, 2016 - 8:55am Hi, I have started my phd about 15 months ago.
I have gathered some bibliography, made some initial reading, but work and family difficulties do not allow me to invest the time I would like.What would you advise me? To drop it, or adopt a more systematic strategy, like part time, put small goals to achieve, and organize better my time? I am totally confused.Although I have gathered a lot of books, articles etc, I have not written a single page.Some advise/ encouragement please? Many thanks in advance! #45 Submitted by Cyber12 on July 3, 2016 - 10:33am Hi, I have just started my PhD.I think like all students there are good and more bad days.
I have two supervisors, one which I chose and the other that was chosen for me.However, they have got students towards the end.At the end of the day I have learnt the best way to get through is to put up and shut and keep going in the end you will get the PhD as long as you keep going! As a student you just have to remember that 3/4 years of your life will quickly flyby and we will all look back at the experience and just that's over! Supervisors can make your life hell and they are in a position of advice just play the game and keep going! #46 Submitted by Rey2 on July 7, 2016 - 11:23am Having worked for many years as an Admin/Coordinator in a Research Centre (top univ) for PhD students, these truths really resonated with me.I constantly witnessed international students being put aside as the professor globe-trotted, attending conferences, networking, missing supervisory meetings and doing little research himself.
His second in command became demoralised and increasingly worked from home, keeping out of students way.I was left with the responsibility of trying to reassure students everything would be alright in the end, when I could see what was happening.Students were taken on to boost the Centre's numbers, image and finances.Eventually students' complaints and slow progress or failures led to closure of the centre (publicly closure was said to be for economic reasons).I changed jobs and moved into another school at the same university and wrote my own proposal.
On acceptance of a proposal said to be 'up with the very best' I was given a young very confident supervisor and felt simply grateful.I was her first PhD student and had an experienced second supervisor.The former had passed PhD a year previously, the latter was applying for a year's sabbatical for research.After 7 weeks as a PhD student, and after receiving constant ageist comments (why are you doing this, you will get tired, wasting your time) and no support whatsoever from the inexperienced lead supervisor who clearly did not want to supervise me (or prog director who said she supported her young trainee's comments), I transferred to another university who had praised my proposal and also offered me supervision.This time I checked their profiles, publications and agreed regular meeting dates with them.
I then transferred from the Russell Univ to a 1994 University and had a wonderful PhD experience, completing in 3.5 years and working as a research assistant for the school alongside writing my thesis My new supervisors were supportive, answered emails within 48 hrs maximum, kept appointments, discussed, listened, praised, criticised and encouraged.Had I stay with the first university my story would probably not have been one of success, I would not have a doctorate and I would not be writing a book now, so yes these 10 truths are very honest and helpful to potential PhD students.#47 Submitted by kakuasare on July 11, 2016 - 1:16pm This is very insightful, As a postgraduate student myself I have learnt a lot.Especially 2,7,8,9 #48 Submitted by yoshinta on July 20, 2016 - 5:00pm Indeed! My supervisor has these 3 characteristics #49 Submitted by MaxPhD on July 21, 2016 - 12:23pm All very idealistic.
On #1, how can you check a prospective supervisor's completion record? Such data is only useful if it includes both completions and non-completions.That's confidential and is something that no university or individual supervisor would want to publish (unless, of course, HE funding councils insist on this, and make it a condition of continued funding, but that's another argument altogether).On #9, I mostly come across termly meetings (yes, astonishingly, a maximum of 3 meetings per year!).I once asked for monthly meetings and was told that's unrealistic, even though the university's own PhD supervision code recommends it.The idea of weekly meetings would simply get no traction at all - at least not in my experience.
I think a good solution to poor supervisors (and poor supervision, which is not always the same thing) is to give prospective students access to the supervisor's current students for advice.This would enable applicants to cut through the university's marketing hype and hear from those who have real experience of that particular supervisor, before signing away 3-4 years of their life.Of course, there should be no room for current students to take personal swipes, so if they were limited to objective criteria, in an email that the Director of PG Research proof reads before it's sent off, this would keep it all fair and professional.Such criteria can include: how often does the supervisor attend meetings? Is it with the frequency that the student has asked for? Does the supervisor read chapter drafts and provide feedback? If so, is it verbal or written feedback? Do meetings include discussions on the substantive topic, or does the supervisor limit him/herself to advising on dissertation structure only? If there is substantive chat, does the supervisor enjoy getting into the details, or does he/she stand back, only talk about high-level stuff and allow the student to 'fill in the details'? There's no right or wrong answer to any of these questions, just true answers that a prospective student would then match up with their own working and learning style.And that's the most important thing: to get matched up with the right supervisor, based on how that supervisor really does work.
Only current students can answer those questions, not the supervisor him/herself, and certainly not the university's supervision code.#50 Submitted by PhD Newbie on August 26, 2016 - 1:44pm Very good insights.The warning signs about their work is especially telling.